Why Isn't There a Nobel Prize for Mathematics?

Nobel prizes are awarded as per the will of Alfred Nobel. You can read Alfred Nobel's will at Full text of Alfred Nobel's WillRead the part of will related to Nobel prize (and see the highlighted part which mentions prize category):

The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following way: the capital, invested in safe securities by my executors, shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind. The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction; and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. The prizes for physics and chemistry shall be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences; that for physiological or medical work by the Caroline Institute in Stockholm; that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm, and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Storting. It is my express wish that in awarding the prizes no consideration whatever shall be given to the nationality of the candidates, but that the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be a Scandinavian or not.Categories are Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature and Peace. Economics is added later. It does not mention mathematics.

• Related Questions

Should I prepare for the IAS?

I wrote down prelims this year only and that too after preparing dedicatedly for about 10 months. I left well paying MNC job to prepare for this prestigious exam. If you are a serious aspirant, i can bet that you will surely learn a lot about almost every aspect of different subjects. It is really an awesome journey to go for. Now coming to the bitter face of this exam. Since CSAT became a qualifying exam, clearing prelims based on just G.

k paper is not at all an easy task. If you have seen previous year questions and compare them with this year paper, you will realize how unpredictable paper has become. This year UPSC has totally skipped World Geography and Art and culture sections(which usually covers around 15 questions) . It happened for the first time. The number of questions from Polity, Modern history and Indian Geography have been drastically reduced along with their typical kind which is again an unprecedented thing to do. In short it was not at all a "Balanced Paper". A sincere candidate prepares all sections and expect to score in all of them but this paper was made for those who have prepared selectively by ignoring Geography, history and focused only on current affairs. So if you think UPSC cares about you and your preparation strategy, it's clearly not the case. They simply don't give a shit to aspirants and their future. By this exam, they clearly dictated that now onwards exam will not test the complete knowledge(about all the subjects) but it will depend on your sheer luck. If you are lucky, then questions from your section will pop up in the exam. I don't know what UPSC thinks of taking such a stock of candidates into the system and i would really appreciate if someone can explain this to me. Finally my advice to you and all the future candidates is to think seriously before resigning/quitting your job and start preparing for this exam. It is far better and wise if you first clear the prelims and then take leave for preparing mains. People may have different views and opinions but the way i have analyzed this is also right

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What is the difference between raja yoga, hatha yoga and kriya yoga?

Yoga, basically, is the union of mind, body, spirit - the oneness. The practice that helps one to attain yoga is like various paths that all lead to same destination. The sage Patanjali defined the path to yoga as Raja Yoga - the penultimate how-to in the Yogasutras - explaining the discipline of working on personal and social rules of conduct that lead to asana practice, pranayama - to more subtler practices that eventually lead to moksha & kaivalya.

In other words, starting with working on the mind first.This, as we all know is very easy - not. And it was just the case with the ancestral yogis and the Hatha yoga path was derived - a system of yoga which understood that it would be much easier to work on the body and get it to listen to you (or control it) instead of spending frustrating time getting the mind to succumb to oneu2019s human attempt at control.The Hatha way is to move from gross to subtle aspects of the body and inevitably, an earnest practitioner, would realise that yamas and niyamas that are crucial to the Raja yoga path, even though they are not enforced as a preparatory step of Hatha, are all intertwined at every step. One key differentiator of Hatha Yoga is the preparatory phase of working with the body (the foremost gross element) - and that includes not just asana but also shatkarmas - cleansing practices that prep the body, the temple, as the foundation for deeper work.Eventually, all the limbs of Patanjaliu2019s ashtanga yoga integrate themselves in Hatha yoga too - and the practitioner is on his way towards Raja Yoga.Kriya yoga is another path of a yogiu2019s personal choice of journey. In this, discipline towards a practice is more an internal series of dedicated service and actions - unquestioned actions - initially externally driven but serving a deeper cleansing process to tone and strengthen the mind along with external practices and body work - both through service karma / seva and asana/ pranayama/ shatkarma.They are all interlinked, and intertwined - different paths, different combinations - but all intended to take the practitioner to the same destination. At the end, the practitioner will pick the path that is most resonant with their personal and soul driven choice.

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What fiction books should everyone read?

One novel that I would highly recommend anyone to read is Strong Medicine by Arthur Hailey.The novel is an intriguing story about human relations and personal ambitions set within the backdrop of the pharmaceutical industry.It is the story of Celia and Andrew Jordan,two strong individuals who are inexplicably drawn towards each another by a common thread:a hospitalized patient suffering from a disease which has no cure in sight.

Andrew Jordan is a medical doctor who is treating the patient,while Celia is a medical representative with a pharmaceutical manufacturer called Felding Roth.Celia gives Andrew a medication for his dying patient,which is undergoing clinical trials.Jordans patient gets cured miraculously.A bond is forged between Andrew Jordan and Celia, which culminates in marriage.

The novel then traces Celias meteoric rise and her growing ambitions to escalate the corporate hierarchy,aided by her benevolent boss,Sam Hawthorne.She is promoted as a medical trainer for the companys sales force and later as head of the organizations OTC(over-the-counter) sales division.Further elevations see her heading international research projects in England and France.

Along the way,Celia discovers the various difficulties involved in successfully operating a pharmaceutical company.What makes the story a compelling read is Celias character.She is portrayed as a hard-hitting and ambitious woman,who will leave no stone unturned to achieve success in her professional life.

However,she is a woman with very strong convictions and an equally strong conscience.Her strong values do not allow her to agree to anything illegal or hazardous with respect to health safety standards in the field of pharmaceutical research or large scale production of medications.She is a woman who stands by her convictions,no matter what.

This results in her having to resign from her company over reservations she harbours about a drug her company manufactures which she feels does not meet proper health and safety standards.Such characters are very hard to come by,either in novels,or in real life. It is indeed very difficult to find characters with such strong convictions and self-believe,who swear by the profession they practice.

Stong Medicine chronicles the story of strong and determined characters like Celia who work in industries which are fraught with lots of ups and downs.I thoroughly enjoyed reading the novel.Hope you too do

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How can you forgive yourself for mistakes of the past?

I don't know you. I don't know what you did, and I don't know why you need to forgive yourself. I can only speak from my own perspective.Forgiving yourself for letting someone else down is extremely hard. It's something I've only learnt how to do recently, but I still struggle with it.If I hurt a friend, I ask for their forgiveness. Eventually, they may, or may not forgive me, but typically I am able to move on from it. I know I have done my best, and I know I have done everything I can to seek forgiveness.A good friend once told me that you cannot ask forgiveness for yourself, the person who you are asking has no obligation to forgive you. If your issue is that you are seeking forgiveness in order to forgive yourself you will never receive it.

Remembering that helps me, but each time is very difficult and it's a process. Don't give up!However If you need to forgive yourself for letting yourself down, that's much more difficult. If I'm being completely honest, it's not something I have an answer to, either.

I wish I could give you a simple solution, but I don't have one. The feeling of letting yourself down is worse than any feeling of letting someone else down. The only way I cope with it on a day to day basis is attempting to continue bettering myself.

I remind myself that every mistake I make, is an opportunity to improve and grow as a person. I try to reflect on my actions, my behaviours, and how I react to things. I try to do this often. It doesn't always work.Regardless, I continue to try. The only way you can learn to forgive yourself, is by eventually realising that you are human. You will make mistakes. You will make them today, tomorrow, and for the rest of your life.Forgiveness is when you understand this. When you know it, and you believe it. Continue working on it. You will get there one day.We all will

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